|Microbiological Profile of Patients with Chronic Periodontitis|
|Varun Arora, Ridhi Taneja, Nitin Sangwan, Nitesh Mishra|
Background: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Tannerella forsythia have been described as the major periodontal pathogens. The present study was conducted to assess microbial profile of patients with periodontitis. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 40 subjects of chronic periodontitis. 40 healthy subjects were taken as control. Patients were divided into 2 groups. Group I were patients of chronic periodontitis and group II were healthy subjects (controls). Samples of the subgingival plaque were taken and analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: The mean PD in group I was 3.68 mm and in group II was 1.32 mm, AL was 4.29 mm in group I and 1.02 in group II, gingival index was 0.89 in group I and 0.07 in group II, BOP was 45.4 in group I and 3.5 in group II. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). AA was seen in 45% in group I and 12% in group II, P gingivalis was 32% in group I and 5% in group II, T. forsythia was 11% in group I and 2% in group II, P oralis was 10% in group I and 1% in group II, A israelii was 47% in group I and 20% in group II, clostridium spp was 34% in group I and 11% in group II, P gingivalis was 56% in group I and 22% in group II. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: There was increased level of AA, P gingivalis, T. forsythia, P oralis, A israelii and clostridium spp in periodontitis patients as compared to healthy subjects.
Received: 12 June, 2019 Revised: 24 June, 2019 Accepted: 25 June, 2019
Corresponding author: Dr. Varun Arora, MDS Periodontics and Implantology, Resident Department of Dentistry, Kalpana Chawla Medical College Karnal, Haryana, India
This article may be cited as: Arora V, Taneja R, Sangwan N, Mishra N. Microbiological Profile of Patients with Chronic Periodontitis. Int J Res Health Allied Sci 2019; 5(4):56-58.
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