Volume 7 Issue 4 (July-August), 2021

Original Articles

Assessment of psychiatric illness among hypertensive patients
Rajeet Kumar Anita Thakur

Background: Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for all-cause morbidity and mortality worldwide and is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The presence and extent of associations between onset of common mental disorders and subsequent adult onset hypertension is unclear. Hence; the present study was conducted for assessing psychiatric illness along hypertensive patients. Materials & methods: A total of 50 hypertensive patients were enrolled. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) values of 130mmHg or more and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) more than 80 mmHg. Complete demographic and clinical details of all the patients were obtained. A Performa was made and questionnaire based assessment of all the patients was done for evaluating the psychiatric illness. Assessment of spectrum of psychiatric illness and its associated factors was done. Results: mong these 50 patients, psychiatric illness was seen in 38 percent of the patients. Out of these 19 patients, depression, delirium and anxiety were seen in 14 percent, 16 percent and 8 percent of the patients respectively. Among the patients with psychiatric illness, majority of them had duration of hypertension of more than 10 years. A significant positive correlation was observed while correlating psychiatric illness with duration of hypertension. Conclusion: Hypertensive patients are more commonly affected by delirium and depression because of long term effect of hypertension on mental health. Key words: Hypertension, Psychiatric illness

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