Volume 7 Issue 1 (January - February), 2021

Original Articles

Prevalence of Maxillofacial Fractures in a Known Population
Rahul Sharma, Iqra Khilji, Junaid Kapadia, Ansari Adnan Abdul Latif, Rajat pareek, Shruti Joshi

Background: Maxillofacial injuries involve soft and hard tissues of the face from the frontal bone to the mandible. Fracture patterns may vary with mechanism of injury, magnitude and direction of impact force, and anatomy of the injured site. Maxillofacial trauma presents as skeletal, dental, and soft tissue. Disregard for safety while driving, working, and performing daily activities can result in physical traumas. Moreover, treatment and rehabilitation are associated with psychological problems, severe morbidities, disabilities, and mental damages. Aim of the study: To study prevalence of maxillofacial fractures in known population. Materials and methods: For the study, we selected patients ranging in the age of 18-67 years. A predefined pro forma was used to collect the data regarding the age, sex distribution, etiology, associated factors and type of fractures. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of the patients and data were collected concerning sex, age, cause of injury, type of fracture, treatment modality, and postoperative complications. Results: In the present study, the medical records of 500 patients were studied. In the study population, 290 were males and 210 were females. The mean age of the patients was 43.69 years. In our study, we observed that highest frequency for fracture etiology was seen as motor car accident (43.8%). Second highest was seen in violence (28). Gunshot had lowest frequency (6.20%). We observed that mandibular fractures were most common (51.8%). Zygoma fracture were second highest sites for fractures (21.8 %). Maxilla fracture were least common (5.2%). Conclusion: Within the limitations of the present study, it can be concluded that mandibular fracture is the most common site for facial fractures. Keywords: Maxillary fracture, maxillofacial fracture, facial fractures.

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