|Evaluation of Periodontal Status in Diabetic Patients- A Clinical Study|
|Insha Shehri, Karuna, Babbar Ali Anis, Satpal Singh, Govind Mishra, Ahelam Bashir|
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia due to defective secretion or activity of insulin. The present study was conducted to assess periodontal status in diabetics. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 45 diabetics and 45 controls in the age range 25-50 years of age of both genders. Patients were divided into 2 groups. Group I had 45 diabetics and group II had non- diabetics. All patients were assessed for gingival index and bleeding on probing index and CAL at baseline, after 3 months and 6 months. Results: The mean± SD gingival index at baseline was 2.5 in group I and II, 2 and 1.2 in group I and II respectively at 3 months and 1.6 and 1 in group I and group II at 6 months. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). The mean± SD BOP at baseline was 2 in group I and II, 1.8 and 1.4 in group I and II respectively at 3 months and 1.4 and 1 in group I and group II at 6 months. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). The mean± SD CAL was 6 mm in group I and 4 mm in group II at baseline, 4 mm and 2 mm at 3 months and 3 mm and 1.2 mm at 6 months in group I and group II respectively. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: There is higher chances of periodontal and gingival diseases in diabetics than non- diabetics. The gingiva index, BOP index and CAL is more in diabetics than non- diabetics.
Received: 12 May 2018 Revised: 18 September 2018 Accepted: 20 September 2018
Corresponding author: Dr. Satpal Singh, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College & Research Centre, Ghaziabad, U.P., India
This article may be cited as: Shehri I, Karuna, Anis BA, Singh S, Mishra G, Bashir A. Evaluation of Periodontal Status in Diabetic Patients- A Clinical Study. Int J Res Health Allied Sci 2018; 4(5):4-7.
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